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L Mukherjee World History Pdf Free Download

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L Mukherjee World History Pdf Free Download

Chapters 8 and 9 return to the contemporary period and examine the economic crisis of the late 1990s and the development of new threats to public health from terrorism and pandemic influenza in the early 21st century. Chapter 8 shows how health became the central issue of the Clinton administration's response to the Indian Ocean tsunami in late 2004 and early 2005. Health systems in developing countries faced increasing risk of disruptions caused by the global spread of infectious diseases and natural disasters. Health impacts of the 9/11 attacks in 2001 and the global spread of SARS in 2002 and 2003 illustrated the vulnerabilities of existing health systems in low- and middle-income countries. The United States responded by developing new countermeasures including two unprecedented programs of domestic public health preparedness. Chapter 9 examines the emergence of an international movement for global health governance. This new movement encompassed the traditional networks of public health agencies but also included multilateral organizations such as the United Nations and the World Health Organization. It responded to a second great historical crisis in global health: the emergence of the new West African Ebola virus outbreak in early 2014. This chapter proposes that the new intergovernmental regimes of global health governance-together with a shift in leadership within the United Nations-might allow the world to avoid the worst-case scenarios that became all too familiar in the 21st century.

Like the previous chapters, this final one seeks to widen our conceptual horizons, examining how various intellectual traditions have been used to present and discuss global health issues in the contemporary period. Chapter 10 takes us back to the 1890s, when the first health-related international organizations were being formed. It analyzes the origins and framing of the World Health Organization, and its history and evolution since its founding in the aftermath of the Second World War. 3d9ccd7d82

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